419 internet dating scams
They do not target a single company, but rather send out mailings en masse.
The sender declares that he is a senior civil servant in one of the Nigerian Ministries, usually the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC).
Victims are often convinced of the authenticity of Advance Fee Fraud schemes by the forged or false documents bearing apparently official Nigerian government letterhead, seals, as well as false letters of credit, payment schedules and bank drafts.
The fraudster may establish the credibility of his contacts, and thereby his influence, by arranging a meeting between the victim and "government officials" in real or fake government offices.
Victims are almost always requested to travel to Nigeria or a border country to complete a transaction.
Individuals are often told that a visa will not be necessary to enter the country.
The sums to be transferred average between ,000,000 to ,000,000 and the recipient is usually offered a commission up to 30 percent for assisting in the transfer.
The Nigerian Government blames the growing problem on mass unemployment, extended family systems, a get rich quick syndrome, and, especially, the greed of foreigners.Violence and threats of physical harm may be employed to further pressure victims.In June of 1995, an American was murdered in Lagos, Nigeria, while pursuing a 4-1-9 scam, and numerous other foreign nationals have been reported as missing.It sets the stage and is the opening round of a two-layered scheme or scheme within a scheme.
The fraudster will eventually reach someone who, while sceptical, desperately wants the deal to be genuine.
The term "when" is used because the con-within-the-con is the scheme will be threatened in order to persuade the victim to provide a large sum of money to save the venture.